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(BB-36) USS Nevada

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(BB-36) USS Nevada Empty (BB-36) USS Nevada

Post  Kiwi's son on Thu Jan 21, 2010 12:08 am

Class and type: Nevada-class battleship
Displacement: (in 1916) 27,500 t[6][7]
(after WWII overhaul) 30,500 t[8]
Length: 583 ft (178 m)[6]
Beam: 95 ft 2.5[7]–3 in[6] (26 m)
Draft: 28 ft 6 in[1][7] (8.7 m)
Propulsion: Geared[6] Curtis turbines[2][7] generating 24,800 horsepower[9]
two shafts
Speed: (designed) 20.5 kn (24 mph; 38 km/h)[6]
Endurance: (designed)
8,000 nmi (9,206 mi; 14,816 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)[8]
(in service)
5,120 nmi (5,892 mi; 9,482 km) at 12 kn (14 mph; 22 km/h)
1,931 nmi (2,222 mi; 3,576 km) at 20 kn (23 mph; 37 km/h)[8]
Capacity: 2,000 tons (1,814 tonnes) of fuel oil[9]
Complement: (as built) 864 officers and men[10]
(1929) 1,398[11]
(1945) 2,220[11]
Armament: (as built): 10 × 14 in (356 mm)/45 cal guns (2 × 3, 2 × 2 superfiring)[8][10][11]
21 × 5 in (127 mm)/51 cal guns in single casemate mountings (21 × 1; 10 each beam, one in the stern)[8][10][11][A 1]
2 or 4 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes (beam, submerged) (true number is unknown; see [A 2])
Armor: Belt: 13.5-to-8 in (343-to-203 mm)[8][11]
Bulkheads: 13-to-8 in (330-to-203 mm)[8][11]
Barbettes: 13 in (330 mm)[8][11]
Turrets: 18 in (457 mm)[8][11]
Decks: 5 in (127 mm)[8][11]
Aircraft carried: (as built) 3 × floatplanes, 2 × catapults[11]
(1942) 2 × floatplanes, 1 × catapult[11]

USS Nevada (BB-36), the second United States Navy ship to be named after the 36th state, was the lead ship of the two Nevada-class battleships; her sister ship was Oklahoma. Launched in 1914, the Nevada was a leap forward in dreadnought technology; three of her new features would be included on almost every subsequent US battleship: gun turrets with three guns,[A 3] oil in place of coal for fuel, and the "all or nothing" armor principle. These features made Nevada the first US Navy "super-dreadnought".

Nevada served in both World Wars: during the last few months of World War I, Nevada was based in Bantry Bay, Ireland, to protect the supply convoys that were sailing to and from Great Britain. In World War II, she was one of the battleships trapped when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. She was the only battleship to get underway during the attack, making the ship "the only bright spot in an otherwise dismal and depressing morning" for the United States.[12] Still, she was hit by one torpedo and at least six bombs while steaming away from Battleship Row, forcing her to be beached. Subsequently salvaged and modernized at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Nevada served as a convoy escort in the Atlantic and as a fire-support ship in four amphibious assaults: the Normandy Landings and the invasions of Southern France, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa.

At the end of World War II, the Navy decided that Nevada was too old to be retained, so they assigned her to be a target ship in the atomic experiments that were going to be conducted at Bikini Atoll in July 1946 (Operation Crossroads). After being hit by two atomic bombs, she was still afloat but heavily damaged and radioactive. She was decommissioned on 29 August 1946 and sunk during naval gunfire practice on 31 July 1948.

Being both the first second-generation battleship[13] and the first "super-dreadnought" in the US Navy, Nevada has been described as "revolutionary"[13][14] and "as radical as Dreadnought was in her day"[15] by present-day historians. At the time of her completion in 1916,[A 4] The New York Times remarked that the new warship was "the greatest [battleship] afloat"[16] because she was so much larger than other contemporary American battleships: her tonnage was nearly three times as great as that of the obsolete 1890 pre-dreadnought Oregon, almost two times as great as that of the 1904 battleship Connecticut, and almost 8,000 tons (7,257 tonnes) greater than that of one of the first American dreadnoughts, Delaware, which had been built just seven years prior to Nevada.[16]

all this information and more can be found at:
Kiwi's son
Kiwi's son
O-11 Fleet Admiral
O-11 Fleet Admiral

Posts : 102
Join date : 2010-01-18
Age : 30

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