(BB-38) USS Pennsylvania

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(BB-38) USS Pennsylvania Empty (BB-38) USS Pennsylvania

Post  Kiwi's son on Thu Jan 21, 2010 7:15 am

Specifications:

Class and type: Pennsylvania-class battleship
Displacement: 31,400 long tons (31,900 t)
Length: 608 ft (185 m)
Beam: 97.1 ft (29.6 m)
Draft: 28.9 ft (8.8 m)
Installed power: 32,000 shp (24,000 kW)
Propulsion: 4 × Curtiss ungeared/Westinghouse geared turbines
As Built :
12 × Babcock boilers
By WWII :
1 × Bureau Express, 5 × White-Forster boilers
4 × shafts
Speed: 21 kn (24 mph; 39 km/h)
Range: 9,288 nmi (10,688 mi; 17,201 km) at 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h)
Capacity: Fuel oil: 2,322 tons (694,830 US gal (2,630,200 L)) normal
Complement: As Built :
1,117 officers and men
By WWII :
1,358 officers and enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems: CXAM-1 RADAR from 1940[1]
Armament: As Built :
• 12 × 14 in (360 mm)/45 cal guns (4×3)
• 14 × 5 in (130 mm)/51 cal guns
• 4 × 3 in (76 mm)/23 cal AA guns
• 2 × submerged 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes
By WWII :
• 12 × 14 in (360 mm)/45 cal guns (4×3)
• 14 × 5 in (130 mm)/51 cal guns[2]
• 12 × 5 in (130 mm)/25 cal AA guns
• 4 × 3-pounder (47 mm (1.9 in)) saluting guns (4×1)
Armor: As Built :
Belt: 14 in (360 mm) (amidships); 8 in (200 mm) (aft)
Deck: 3 in (76 mm) (ends)
Turrets: 9 to 15 in (230 to 380 mm)
Conning Tower: 16 in (410 mm)
Funnel Base: 9 to 15 in (230 to 380 mm)
By WWII :
As above, but Deck: 6 in (150 mm) amidships (4 in (100 mm) upper, 2 in (51 mm) lower)
Aircraft carried: 2 × floatplanes
Aviation facilities: 2 × catapults
Notes: Fuel consumption: 90 tons per day at 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h)


History:


USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) was the lead ship of her class of United States Navy "super-dreadnought" battleships. She was the third Navy ship named for the state of Pennsylvania.

She was laid down on 27 October 1913, by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia. She was launched on 16 March 1915, sponsored by Elizabeth Kolb of Philadelphia, Pa., and commissioned on 12 June 1916, with Captain Henry B. Wilson in command.

World War I

Upon commissioning, Pennsylvania was attached to the Atlantic Fleet. On 12 October 1916, she became flagship of Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet, when Admiral Henry T. Mayo shifted his flag from Wyoming to Pennsylvania. In January 1917, Pennsylvania steamed for Fleet maneuvers in the Caribbean Sea. She returned to her base at Yorktown, Virginia on 6 April, the day of the American declaration of war against Germany. She did not sail to join the British Grand Fleet since she burned fuel oil rather than coal, and tankers could not be spared to carry additional fuel to the British Isles. In the light of this circumstance, only coal-burning battleships were selected for this mission. Based at Yorktown, she kept in battle trim with Fleet maneuvers, tactics, and training in the areas of the Chesapeake Bay, intervened by overhaul at Norfolk and New York, with brief maneuvers in Long Island Sound.

While at Yorktown, on 11 August 1917, Pennsylvania manned the rail and rendered honors as Mayflower, with President Woodrow Wilson aboard, stood in and anchored. At 12:15, President Wilson returned the call of Commander, Battle Force, aboard Pennsylvania and was given full honors.

At the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, Pennsylvania was in drydock in the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard. She was one of the first ships in the harbor to open fire as enemy dive and torpedo bombers roared out of the high overcast. They did not succeed in repeated attempts to torpedo the caisson of the drydock, but Pennsylvania and the surrounding dock areas were severely strafed. The crew of one 5 inch (127 mm) gun mount was wiped out when a bomb struck the starboard side of her boat deck and exploded inside Casemate 9. Destroyers Cassin and Downes, just forward of Pennsylvania in the drydock, were seriously damaged by bomb hits. Pennsylvania was pockmarked by flying fragments. A part of a torpedo tube from Downes, about 1,000 lb (450 kg) in weight, was blown onto the forecastle of Pennsylvania. She had 15 men killed (including her executive officer), 14 missing in action, and 38 wounded.

On 20 December, Pennsylvania sailed for San Francisco, arriving on 29 December. She underwent repairs until 30 March 1942.

more information on this can be found at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Pennsylvania_%28BB-38%29
Kiwi's son
Kiwi's son
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O-11 Fleet Admiral

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